Woman with fibromyalgia pain
Woman with fibromyalgia pain

ABOUT
FIBROMYALGIA

Fibromyalgia is chronic, widespread
pain that’s thought to be the result
of overactive nerves in the body.

Fibromyalgia and overactive nerves
Fibromyalgia and overactive nerves
FIBROMYALGIA PAIN IS DIFFERENT

What is fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is one of the most common chronic pain conditions, affecting more than 5 million people in the U.S. Yet, fibromyalgia can be difficult and, at times, a frustrating journey to diagnosis and treatment. Fibromyalgia pain is different than pain you may experience from a headache or sprained ankle.

PAIN DESCRIPTORS

How fibromyalgia pain is described

Fibromyalgia is a specific kind of pain that’s chronic, widespread, and often accompanied by tenderness.

CHRONIC

The pain lasts a long time—at least 3 months or longer. Many people experience fibromyalgia pain for years before being diagnosed.

WIDESPREAD

The pain is felt all over, in both the upper and lower parts of the body. However, many people with fibromyalgia feel their pain in specific areas of their body, such as in their shoulder or neck.

TENDERNESS

Even a small amount of pressure can cause
a lot of pain.

Alignment: 
Vertical
Woman talking
Woman talking
DID YOU KNOW

Getting a diagnosis for
your fibromyalgia pain
is a step you can
actively take toward
finding relief

DIFFERENT CAUSES

Possible causes of fibromyalgia

While the exact cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, recent studies suggest that changes in the central nervous system—the brain, spinal cord, and nerves—may be responsible for fibromyalgia pain. Fibromyalgia is thought to be the result of overactive nerves. These nerves may be responsible for the chronic widespread pain and tenderness many 
people feel.

Other factors that could cause fibromyalgia

AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES

People with disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis are more likely to develop fibromyalgia

INFECTIONS

There is some evidence to suggest that certain illnesses can act as a trigger

FAMILY HISTORY

The genes you inherit from your parents may increase the likelihood of developing fibromyalgia

TRAUMA

Physical and emotional trauma have been linked to fibromyalgia
SYMPTOMS

What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia?

Along with pain-related symptoms, people living with fibromyalgia often experience the following symptoms and co-conditions.

Other symptoms of fibromyalgia include: problems sleeping, fatigue, difficulty thinking clearly (also known as "fibro fog" among patients), difficulty performing everyday tasks, stress and anxiety, depression, and migraine headaches.

PAIN SYMPTOMS
OF FIBROMYALGIA

Deep muscle pain and soreness

Morning stiffness

Flu-like aching

Radiating pain

Sensitivity to touch

GETTING A DIAGNOSIS

DIAGNOSING
FIBROMYALGIA PAIN

If you think you might have fibromyalgia, 
make sure to talk to your doctor and be 
specific about the kind of pain you’re 
feeling. For help starting a conversation 
and working with your doctor, fill out the 
Doctor Discussion Guide, and bring your 
personalized results with you to your 
next doctor’s appointment.

A few reasons why fibromyalgia can
be hard for your doctor to diagnose

Fibromyalgia can often mimic other conditions

Doctors will often rule out other conditions first, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, multiple sclerosis, Lyme disease, and mononucleosis.

There is not a specific test or medical scan for fibromyalgia

For example, x-rays or blood tests can't be used to diagnose fibromyalgia. Doctors will rely on your symptoms, which can change and are not always consistent, to diagnose your fibromyalgia pain.

Fibromyalgia pain flares and changes. Some days can be good, and some not so good

Fibromyalgia pain can vary from person to person and even day to day. Symptoms can flare on one day and then be better the next. Fibromyalgia symptoms can also be affected by your level of stress or physical activity. All factors which contribute to making fibromyalgia a difficult-to-diagnose condition.

Discussing fm with doctor
Discussing fm with doctor
HOW LYRICA MAY HELP

When working with
your doctor, ask if
LYRICA could help
your fibromyalgia pain